Curious facts about Russia and Ukraine that you didn′t know

Curious facts about Russia that you didn′t know

Russia is always full of curiosities, either because of its varied natural formations or the feats of its inhabitants. That′s why we bring you five interesting facts to show off at a meeting, in line at the bank or simply to fill your curiosity.

- The deepest lake

A quarter of the world′s fresh water is found in Russian lakes. Lake Baikal, located in Russia, contains more water than the five Great Lakes of North America combined (Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, and Ontario), even though its surface area is almost eight times smaller. This is because its average depth is eight times greater. In fact, it is the deepest lake in the world and contains almost 20% of the planet′s fresh water. 

- The longest railway in the world, it′s Russian 

The Trans-Siberian Railway connects European Russia with the Russian Far East provinces, Mongolia, People′s Republic of China and connects with North Korea. This is a total of 9,288 km in length. Another curiosity is that the train runs through seven different time zones and its menu is 18 pages long.

- The largest country

Russia occupies one-ninth of the earth′s surface, or 17,098,242 square kilometers. It is a country so vast that it covers part of the northern and eastern hemispheres of Europe, and the entire northern hemisphere of the Asian continent.

- The first in space

On October 4, 1957, Russia succeeded in launching into space and orbiting the first artificial satellite, which they named Sputnik 1 (then the Soviet Union). That was not his only achievement, as on April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human being to go into space. 

- The most forested 

Russia, the country with the largest forested area with an extension of 7,762,602 KM2, 45.40% of the country′s territory is covered by forests. Russia′s forest area is equal to the area of Australia which measures 7 741 220 KM2.

- The largest McDonald′s in the world

If you′re a fan of "golden arches", Russia is the place for you. The largest McDonald′s restaurant in the world - it has 700 seats - is located in Moscow. There has only been one McDonald′s bigger than the Russian one, with 1,500 seats, but it was built for the 2012 Olympics in London and was a temporary location for visitors to the Olympics, so it was taken down six weeks later. 

In the early hours of 31 January 1990, more than 5,000 Muscovites were already queuing up for the opening of the chain′s restaurant in the country. Throughout the day, the first McDonald′s in Moscow served more than 30,000 visitors, setting a world record. People lined up for more than six hours just to try a ′novel′ meal

- In Russia there are 10 million more women than men 

Curious facts about Ukraine I didn′t know

- It is the largest producer of sunflower oil in the world

The territory of Ukraine, being so fertile, is suitable for cultivation. What is cultivated you can already find out if you look at its flag: yellow, like the sunflower fields, under a blue sky. Ukraine is also one of the largest producers of honey, cereals and sugar beets in Europe.

- The Ukrainians invented the aircraft with the largest cargo capacity in the world

The aircraft with the largest cargo capacity in the world called the "AN-255 Mriya". It was originally designed for the transportation of spacecraft, but now it is used exclusively for cargo.

- The longest plaster cave in the world and the second longest.

 The longest cave in Ukraine is called "Optimistic" and is located in Podolia. It is the gypsum cave at a depth of 20 m, 216 km long. It is the longest gypsum cave in the world and the second longest, after the Mammoth Cave in the USA. 

- The longest air musical instrument in the world.

The Ukrainian instrument called "trembita" is the longest air musical instrument in the world, it is up to 4 m long. The trembita was shown at the Eurovision Song Contest in 2004 by the winner of the contest, Ukrainian Ruslana Lyzhychko, during the performance of the song "Wild Dances". 

- The oldest recognized constitution in the world.

The oldest recognized constitution in the world was created by a Ukrainian statesman, Pylyp Orlyk. The constitution was drafted immediately after his election as head of Zaporizhia′s troops on 15 April 1710, decades before the first post-Enlightenment European constitutions were created.

- Ukraine ranks fourth in the world for the number of people with higher education.

Ukraine ranks fourth in the world in terms of the number of people with higher education. The population of Ukraine is one of the most educated, and the number of people with higher education per capita in Ukraine is higher than the average in Europe itself.

- One of the most famous Ukrainian Christmas songs "Shchedryk" (written by Ukrainian composer Mykola Leontovich) is known worldwide as "Carol of the Bells" or "Ring Cristmas Bells"

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